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The Constitution
10th (2013) Edition



    The Local Assembly and Pastorate

    9.1. The government of each assembly is vested in the Pastorate consisting of the Pastor (who must be an Elder) and two councellors (who should ideally be Elders but may also be Deacons in the absence of other Elders) -- the Pastress (who must be an Eldress) and two counsellors (who should ideally be Eldresses but may also be Deaconesses in the absence of other Eldresses). This Council shall serve for a maximum period of one year. The Pastor is the final authority in all congregational matters though be may be overruled by the Local Apostle, or the Local Bishop.

      9.1.1. Where no Elder can be found in a Local Assembly or in surrounding Local Assemblies then a travelling evangelist shall serve as its pastor directing any other such officers (e.g. Eldresses, Deacons and Deaconesses) as may be called;

      9.1.2. In the absence of a suitably qualified Elder, an Eldress may temporarily preside over a local assembly as its Pastress under the leadership of a Pastor from a neighbouring assembly, Bishop, Evangelist or Local Apostle, while an Elder is trained up to be a Pastor to replace her or to work alongside her. A Pastress may not otherwise or ordinarily preside over a whole Local Assemly without a Presiding Pastor but, together with her councellors, is an assistant to the Pastor. She must likewise be a Eldress. She should in any case organise women's and children's ministries so that the work of the Kingdom may proceed uninterrupted for lack of male priesthood officers.

    9.2. Each local congregation shall, whenever possible, have an annual conference on the first day of the Biblical New Year (Aviv 1), or the following Sabbath (Aviv 8), to sustain the Pastor and Elders appointed by the Local Apostle responsible for that local assembly. If rejected, the Local Apostle (or Local Bishop or other executive officer under the local apostle's direction) shall either select another Pastor until approval is obtained by the local assembly, set it under the direct presidency of the Local Bishop, disorganise the assembly, or organise said congregation as one or more Missions and set it under the authority of a travelling Evangelist. The Apostle (or other executive officer acting under the local Apostle's instructions) shall then issue a certificate authorising the Pastor and licensing the Local Assembly (Branch or Mission) for one year. The new Pastor shall be set apart by the laying on of hands by the Local Bishop, Local Apostle, or a designate Apostle. The new Pastor shall then select other officers (counsellors from amongst the Elders, Teachers, Female Teachers, Deacons and Deaconesses) for service in the local fellowship and seek the sustaining two-thirds majority vote of the congregation.

      9.2.1. A Pastor, once selected by the Local Bishop or Apostle and sustained by the Local Assembly by a two-thirds majority vote, shall, under the spirit of inspiration, be set apart in a public meeting (by the laying on of hands, in the Name of Messiah Yah'shua and by the authority of the Holy Melchizedek Priesthood) together with other Elders (Acts 14:23) and Eldresses appointed by the local Apostle. The Pastor (who should be an Elder -- see ¶9.1) and the other two Elders and three Eldresses ordained by the Pastor to be counsellors, shall constitute each local assembly's Pastorate.

      9.2.1. A Traveling Pastor, if available, may be appointed to one or more Missions which have no local Elders or experienced leaders in order to release evangelists for their prime calling of doing witnessing work.

    Duties of the Pastorate

    9.3. The responsibility of each Local Assembly Pastor, with counsel and assistance from the Local Elders and Eldresses in the Pastorate, shall be to:

      9.3.1. Supervise and regulate all the activities of the Local Assembly (spiritual, temporal, educational, evangelical, etc.), including the discernment of spirits and revelatory gifts, maintain proper order and discipline, by silencing and/or disfellowshipping unruly elements;

      9.3.2. Teach, preach, and uphold the apostolic doctrine as taught in the Scriptures which is summarised in Articles ¶6 & ¶7 (Ac.1:2; 2:42);

      9.3.3. Appoint and/or replace, by divine inspiration and with the consent of those called and the local assembly membership, officers for the local assembly. These officers, who will have received their Priesthood licenses from the Holy Order, include Deacons & Deaconesses (responsible for assisting the Pastor in preaching and pastoral work and the physical comfort of the members in meetings, secretarial work, managing finances, preparing the Master's Supper, teaching the Tafim (children) and Alumim (youth) Sabbath School Classes, assisting Elders in teaching Home Bible Study Groups, etc.), and Elders and Eldresses (responsible for teaching the various Sabbath School classes -- School of Israel for adult members and School of Goyim for catechumens and investigators - administration, etc.);

      9.3.4. Be subject to the authority of the Local Bishop and Local Apostle;

      9.3.5. Put into operation any Scripture Instruction Courses, preaching themes and missionary programs issued by the Apostolate;

      9.3.6. The Responsibilities of the various officers of the Pastorate are as follows: The Pastor shall have direct responsibility for all the Elders and Eldresses of a Local Assembly; The Pastress shall have direct responsibility for all the Eldresses of a Local Assembly under the direction of the Pastor; The Pastor's First Councellor shall have direct responsibility for all the Deacons and Deaconesses of a Local Assembly; The Pastress's First Councellor shall have direct responsibility for all the Deaconesses of a Local Assembly under the direction of the Pastor's First Councellor; The Pastor's Second Councellor shall have direct responsibility for all the Catechumens, investigators, children of members, and members without priesthood office of a Local Assembly, under the direction of the Pastor; The Pastress's Second Councellor shall have direct responsibility for all the female Catechumens, investigators, children of members, and women without priesthood office of a Local Assembly, under the direction of the Pastor's Second Councellor.

    Local Dependent Assemblies (Missions)

    9.4. Where Priesthood officers are not available in a Local Assembly because a congregation is young or because no persons have progressed far enough in their Priesthood Training to be ordained, and if this assembly is geographically isolated from another assembly, the Local Apostle, an Evangelist appointed by the Local Apostle, the Bishop of the Local Central Assembly, or the Pastor of the Independent Local Assembly (Branch) to which the Local Dependent Assembly (Mission) is to be directly attached and administered must, where possible, select temporary local officers from amongst apprentice priesthood officers and a pro tem (temporary) Pastor.

      9.4.1. Such a local congregation, not possessing regularly ordained Priesthood members, shall be called a Dependent Local Assembly or Mission, and shall not possess the rights of a fully Independent Local Assembly Branch. The pro tem Pastor shall be required to make regular reports to the Local Apostle/Evangelist/Bishop/Branch Pastor by telephone, email, letter or other form of reliable communication a minimum of once a month. No major decisions such as changes in meeting schedules, organisation of House Groups and Bible Study Groups, may be made by the pro tem Pastor without the approval of the Local Apostle/Evangelist/Bishop/Branch Pastor;

      9.4.2. The Pastorate of the Mission, consisting of the Local Apostle/Bishop/Pastor, the pro-tem Pastor, and up to one more male, and three female, apprentice ministers, shall select and set-apart, by the laying on of hands, such (non-priesthood) officers which shall be deemed necessary for the smooth running of the Dependent Local Assembly or Mission until such a time as Priesthood is called to fill in regular offices.

    Apprentice Ministry

    9.5. As soon as a full member of a Local Assembly has been called into, and begun, Priesthood training in the Priesthood Temple School, he/she may be called to serve as a Priesthood Apprentice.

      9.5.1. A Priesthood Apprentice is a Trainee Minister of which there are six kinds: A Sub-Deacon who is attached to a Deacon in a Local Assembly as his servant and assistant, to learn his duties and to carry out practical assignments. He is not to preach, teach or offer pastoral counsel or distribute the Master's Supper, but observe. He comes directly under the appointment and authority of the Pastor's First Counsellor; A Sub-Deaconess who is attached to a Deaconess in a Local Assembly as her servant and assistant, to learn her duties and to carry out practical assignments. She is not to preach, teach or offer pastoral counsel or distribute the Master's Supper but observe. She comes directly under the appointment and authority of the Pastress's First Councellor; A Sub-Elder is a Deacon who is attached to an Elder in a Local Assembly as his servant and assistant, to learn his duties and to carry out practical assignments. He is not to exercise the pastoral responsibilities of an Elder, administer the Master's Supper, anoint the sick, or baptise but observe. He comes directly under the appointment and authority of the Pastor. He may continue to act in the ministry as a Deacon if requested to do so, though this will be secondary to his apprentice call; A Sub-Eldress is a Deaconess who is attached to an Eldress in a Local Assembly as her servant and assistant, to learn her duties and to carry out practical assignments. She is not to exercise the pastoral responsibilities of an Eldress but observe. She comes directly under the appointment and authority of the Pastress. She may continue to act in the ministry of a Deaconess if requested to do so, though this will be secondary to her apprentice call.

      9.5.2. The duration of an apprentice ministry is normally one year though more or less time may be assigned, with wisdom, to complete training according to the spiritual maturity and progress of the candidate.

    The Apostolic Council of Elders

    9.6. All Elders from all Local and Central Assemblies collectively constitute an Apostolic Council of Elders (Ac.15:1ff) whose responsibility is:

      9.6.1. To meet, as opportunity permits or requires, to pray, worship and fellowship locally, nationally and internationally under the leadership of the 12 Apostles;

      9.6.2. To address and resolve personal or doctrinal disputes which affect all the local assemblies and/or their interpersonal relationships in Messiah, to plan missionary strategies, camps, workshops and other national or international conferences, and appoint officers to organise and supervise these under the direction of the 12 Apostles;

      9.6.3. To oversee and coordinate national and international business under the direction of the 12 Apostles;

      9.6.4. In the absence of the Local Apostle, to temporarily suspend (by a two-thirds majority vote) any Pastors or other Elders who do not abide by the Constitution and the Scriptures, until the return of, and a decision is given by, the Local Apostle in accordance with the rules governing disciplinary action in NCAY;

      9.6.5. To print, record or publish tracts and/or audio-visual materials for missionary work, and magazines and educational materials for the edification of the fellowships under the direction of the Apostolate.

    The General Council of Elders

    9.7. (Pending)

    The Apostolic Council of Deacons

    9.8. (Pending)

    The General Council of Deacons

    9.9. (Pending)

    The Bishopric

    9.10. (Pending)

    The Apostolate

    9.11. The Twelve Apostles or Apostolate are traveling missionaries selected and ordained by the Presiding Patriarch by revelation, and confirmed by the whole Apostolate, and represent the highest authority in NCAY. Their function is:

      9.11.1. To preach and teach the Besorah (Gospel) in all the world, making converts to the Master Yah'shua the Messiah;

      9.11.2. To establish congregations (Central and Local Assemblies) in every hamlet, village, town and city where converts may be made;

      9.11.3. Train up and appoint leaders (Bishops, Bishopresses, Pastors, Pastresses, Elders and Eldresses) to oversee new congregations; and

      9.11.4. Preside over, regulate the affairs of, guide, and teach the Apostolic Council of Elders.

    The Holy Order

    9.12. The Holy (Set-Apart, Qadosh) Order, also known as the Patriarchal Order and Chavurot haBekorot (General Assembly of the Firstborn - Heb.12:23), is the Priesthood Order to which the Twelve Apostles belong and from which they obtain their licenses and charge.

      9.12.1. The primary responsibility of the Holy Order is to prepare the world for the Second Coming of Messiah by:

        9.12.1.a. Establishing twelve international pre-millennial Cities of Refuge for the seven-year period known as the Great Tribulation, and Firstborn Communities to provide for the development of an embryo Patriarchal Government, which shall be the nucleus of the Millennial Patriarchal Order, and training up a Holy Melchizedek Priesthood ministry to meet this requirement;

        9.12.1.b. Establishing the doctrines, scriptures, ordinances, and practices of the millennial, Messianic Israelite theocratic order and of NCAY;

        9.12.1.c. Training up apostles to evangelise the world for the Master Yah'shua the Messiah.

        9.12.1.d. Training up Priesthood candidates in general for service in the Local and Central Assemblies by establishing Temple Schools and administering the covenants of the Besorah (Gospel).

      9.12.2. The secondary responsibility of the Holy Order is to be a spiritual leavening influence on individuals, secular organisations, churches and society in general viâ the assemblies of NCAY. This is accomplished by:

        9.12.2.a. Direct witnessing of the Besorah (Gospel) by pointing the world to Yah'shua the Messiah as the only Saviour of mankind without reference to NCAY;

        9.12.2.b. Where this is unsuccessful, indirect witnessing of the Besorah (Gospel) by teaching correct Torah principles without the religious labels associated with 'Church' and 'Christianity' in general, to prepare those who receive these truths to receive Messiah.

      9.12.3. The Patriarchate, which presides over the Holy Order, has the responsibility for preparing and amending the Constitition of NCAY, in consultation with the other apostles and the Apostolic Council of Elders.

      9.12.4. The Patriarchate is also responsible for calling the international Annual General Conferences of NCAY each autumn/fall at Sukkot (see ¶7.3.20.c.7) through the Central Assembly of Mishpachah Lev-Tsiyon (MLT), and any other Conference or Solemn Assembly as shall be deemed necessary at other times during the year such as during the eight-day Pesach season. The Apostolate, in conjunction with other Elders from Local and Central Assemblies appointed by them for the purpose, is responsible for the organisation of these international conferences.

    Duties of the Secretary

    9.13. Each Central and Local Assembly shall have a literate and competent executive Secretary, who may be male or female and must be either a regularly ordained Deacon or Deaconess with the office of Administrator, or an Elder or Eldress likewise with the office of Administrator:

      9.13.1. The Secretary shall keep a legible (hand-written, typed, or printed and preferably electronic), intelligible, accurate and complete record of all assembly meetings, activities and proceedings, and a record of Assembly membership, including the dates, venues and names of relevent persons in connection with:

        9.13.1.a. The blessing of infants;
        9.13.2.b. The induction of Catechumens;
        9.13.2.c. Baptisms;
        9.13.2.d. Confirmations, Chrisms or Bar/Bat-Mitzvah's;
        9.13.2.e. Ordinations to Priesthood and Apprentice Priesthood;
        9.13.2.f. Marriages;
        9.13.2.g. Deaths;
        9.13.2.h. Disciplinary proceedings (e.g. Excommunications);
        9.13.2.i. Minutes of Local Conferences, Priesthood and Assembly Business meetings; and
        9.13.2.j. Orders of Service (Rosh Chodesh, Sabbath, Annual Festivals, etc.).

      9.13.2. Secretaries may request Sub-Deacons and Sub-Deaconesses (see ¶9.5.1) to assist them in their recording work with the permission of the Pastorate (or Bishopric in a Central Assembly);

      9.13.3. Secretaries of Missions come under the administrative authority of the Secretary of the Branch of which the Mission is a dependent part;

      9.13.4. Secretaries have the sacred responsibility to make an accurate written or electronic record (paper, RTF document, audio or audiovisual), where practically possible, of any healings, visions, prophecies or revelations seen, given or received in assembly meetings, together with the names of those who received them, and the date and place they were received, so that they may be properly tested and, if the Pastorate determines, distributed. Visions or prophecies that concern more than the local assembly or local area should be forwarded to their Central Assembly or to the Apostolate for further testing;

      9.13.5. Records may either be forwarded on paper and/or electronically by email or other method of transmission;

      9.13.6. Either the original, or a duplicate, of all local assembly minutes and records of membership shall be available to the Central Assembly that has jurisdiction, or, in the case of a Central Assembly, to the Apostolate upon request.


    9.14. NCAY's constituent Central Assemblies, Branches and Missions shall have the right to receive funds and monies by means of tithing, offerings, pledges, bequests, subscriptions, or otherwise, for the purposes herein set forth for the purchasing of lands and erecting and buying of buildings.

    9.15. Since a Mission cannot have a Treasurer until a priesthood officer has been trained and ordained, its tithes, gifts and other monies shall be administered separately, on its behalf, by the Treasurer of the Branch to which it is subject.

    Duties of the Treasurer

    9.16. Each Local and Central Assembly shall have a Treasurer, who may be male or female and must be a regularly ordained Deacon or Deaconess with the office of Administrator, or an Elder or Eldress with the office of Administrator, who shall:

      9.16.1. Keep a legible, intelligible, accurate and complete record of all monies received and disbursed on behalf of the Local or Central Assembly, which disbursements must be approved by the majority vote of the local Priesthood;

      9.16.2. All cheques and transactions are to be jointly authorised by the Pastor and the Treasurer;

      9.16.3. The Treasurer shall give a receipt to all members for all funds paid into the Assembly who choose to use an official tithing slip (but not for anonymous donations) if such is requested by the tithe-payer for tax or other purposes;

      9.16.4. The Treasurer shall submit his/her books to an Auditor appointed by, and at the request of ,the Bishopric of the Central Assembly of which the Local Assembly is a member, or to an Auditor appointed by the Apostolate if a Central Assembly, whenever required but ordinarily no more than once a year;

      9.16.5. All voluntary offerings, donations, bequests or funds made specifically to the General Assembly or Apostolate for international ministry, outreach and publications, shall be forwarded, where possible, to the Treasurer to the Apostolate at the very latest every six months;

        9.16.5.a. In Assemblies where donations may, because of national law, not be sent out of the country, all monies shall be sent to a National Treasurer appointed by the local Apostle for disbursement to the respective Assemblies or ministries within that country;

        9.16.5.b. Tithing-in-kind and and other donations-in-kind shall be disbursed locally by the Local Pastorate, in compliance with the Tithing Principle of Thirds (a third for the local ministry, a third for the poor and a third for the festivals).

      9.16.6. All donations to any centrally-, regionally- or nationally-administered orphanages, or other General Assembly charitable institutions, shall be directly sent to the Treasurer to the Apostolate for disbursement to said institution(s). Donations collected for Local Assembly charitable work shall be disbursed by the authorities in the Local Assembly;

      9.16.7. 10% of all free-will offerings (not regular tithes) shall be sent to the Central (Episcopal) Assembly for use in supporting missionary activity within the boundaries of that mother assembly and/or for charitable projects, administration, etc., unless the Central Assembly waives its claim in favour of the Local Assembly. In the absence of a Central Assembly, this 10% shall be sent by the local Pastorate to the outreach program of other assemblies as directed by the Local Apostle. The remainder (90%) of free-will offerings shall be used for supporting Local Assembly work.

      9.16.8. All National, Regional, Central or Local Assembly assets, including but not limited to, securities and funds, must be kept in the name of the New Covenant Assemblies of Yahweh (NCAY).

        9.16.8.a. In case of the failure of a Central or Local Assembly, all central or local assets shall be transferred to to the General Assembly Treasury or National Church Treasury;

        9.16.8.b. In the event of this Central or Local Assembly being re-established, these funds shall be restored to the Central or Local Assembly previously disorganised.

      9.16.9. The General, National, Regional or Central Assembly shall not be responsible for the obligations or indebtedness of assemblies made without the approval of said General, National, Regional or Central Assemblies.

    Assembly Discipline and Courts

    9.17. Any person proven guilty of wilfully violating the morals, doctrines or discipline of NCAY and its Constitution publically, or in such a way as to impose his/her views on another member, or who shall bring shame and disgrace upon the good Name of Messiah, NCAY and/or its membership by the commission of a criminal offence, may be disfellowshipped and/or excommunicated from membership and Priesthood office in NCAY. Before any action may be taken by an Assembly Court either on the part of one member against another or with the Assembly as plaintiff, labour must be performed with that individual consistent with the laws and practices of the Besorah (Gospel) of Yah'shua the Messiah (Jesus Christ):

      9.17.1. No member of an Assembly shall have his/her Priesthood licence removed without proper court action. Removal of a Priesthood licence means that the Priesthood holder may not function in his/her Priesthood office or calling to either administer the Assembly's ordinances or to represent NCAY in any official capacity;

      9.17.2. Any member who joins another non-NCAY Church, Ministry, or Denomination, or requests either in writing or orally to withdraw from NCAY, shall have his/her name removed from the Local Assembly records only after proper and unobtrusive labour with, and upon, the advice of the proper Court;

      9.17.3. Action between members of the same Assembly shall be by a complaint filed with the Pastor of that Assembly who shall assemble an Elders' Court to consist of four to six Elders and Eldresses (preferably of equal number) from the Local Assembly to hear the case. If there are not enough Elders or Eldresses in the Local Assembly (Branch), the Pastor shall consult with the Bishop of the Central Assembly of which the Local Assembly (Branch) is a constituent part, who may invite Elders from the nearest neighbouring Local Assemblies (Branches) to form a Court. If the Pastor is pro tem (i.e. from a Local Dependent Assembly or Mission), jurisdiction shall pass to the Independent Local (Branch) or Central (Episcopal) Assembly to which the Dependent Local Assembly or Mission is attached. If neither of these options is available, jurisdiction shall pass to the Local Apostle; and if the Local Apostle is not at hand, jurisdiction shall pass to the General Assembly. If the complaint is against the Pastor, the offended member shall, after the appointed labour, send a complaint to the local Bishop or, in his absence, to the Evangelist or Local Apostle responsible for the Assembly in which he resides. If the proper officer in any of these judicial authorities refuses or neglects to act on a complaint, it may be sent directly to the Patriarchate who shall then take whatever action it deems necessary;

      9.17.4. Members of different Assemblies shall file their complaints with the proper local officer who shall transmit these to the Bishop, Evangelist or local Apostle responsible for these Assemblies, who shall appoint a court to hear the case if in his opinion it is necessary to call such a Court. Members inaccessible to labour in person, because of geographical isolation or other factors, may be laboured with by registered mail with the return receipt (if available), instead of, or together with, other methods of communication (e.g. telephone, E-mail, IM's, etc.) as deemed appropriate to the situation;

      9.17.5. Action against a member, or members, or an Assembly as a whole -- if that Assembly fails to take the proper action to protect NCAY and its members -- shall be filed by the Presiding Patriarch over NCAY who shall notify those involved (by registered mail requesting return receipt, or other appropriate medium) and shall appoint a Court to hear the case;

      9.17.6. Assembly action in any secular court of the land shall be brought in the name of NCAY only with the approval of the Local Apostle, or in his absence, the Patriarchate, except where immediate action must be taken to preserve the peace of NCAY members or to protect the property of NCAY. In such a situation the Pastor of the Local Assembly or one holding the highest office in the Priesthood, shall institute the action until the Local Apostle or Presiding Patriarchate can be notified and take charge;

      9.17.7. Although an Elders' Court and the other courts mentioned in the foregoing sub-sections, except ¶9.17.6, are temporary courts, they are to be accorded proper respect and decorum. Decisions of the Elders' Courts may be appealed first to the Bishopric who shall appoint an Appellate Court, second, to the Local Apostle who chall appoint a Regional or National Court, and third, to the Patriarchate who shall appoint a General Assembly Appellate Court (GAAC) consisting of the Patriarchate, if either of the parties request it. Appeals against a court decision must be made within six weeks to the appropriate authority. The GAAC is a Permanent Court and its decision is final;

      9.17.8. Action on the part of a member or Local Assembly against a Bishop or Local Apostle shall be submitted to the General Assembly Appellate Court (see ¶9.17.7);

      9.17.9. Silence, Excommunicate, or Disfellowship:

        9.17.9.a. Immediately after notice of action is served upon a defendant by an officer having authority, the member's Priesthood office is 'silenced' or 'deactivated' and remains so until the case is closed. This means that he/she is not allowed to perform any of the ordinances or exercise any of the duties and privileges (including preaching, teaching, or acting as a spokesman for NCAY) of Priesthood until he/she is permitted to do so by the decision of the Court having jurisdiction;

        9.17.9.b. Court action against a member may entail:

          9.17.9.b.1. The demotion or stripping away of Priesthood office;

          9.17.9.b.2. Excommunication (the stripping away of NCAY membership); and/or

          9.17.9.b.3. Disfellowshipment (the total breaking of contact with a person by all members of NCAY; however, a contact person will be assigned to him by the Pastor and this will usually be an Elder or, if female, an Eldress). Non-members may also be disfellowshipped.

        9.17.9.c. Any person who fails to live by the doctrine and teachings of NCAY at the appropriate level of personal induction may be disfellowshipped and/or excommunicated after extensive (at least three months') ministerial labour has been performed. Excommunicated members may attend regular Local Assembly meetings (but not Priesthood meetings) so long as they conduct themselves with propriety and decorum. In other words, the paths to Christian grace are not closed to them;

        9.17.9.d. If a member is excommunicated and disfellowshipped, all attributes of Priesthood and/or membership are revoked until such a time as the offender has repented and made proper restitution. After the decision to disfellowship and/or excommunicate has been handed down and the decision given to the Assembly Pastorate, the name of the offender shall be blotted out of NCAY's membership records. The pivileges of membership may only be enjoined again by the offender making proper ammends. He may then be rebaptised and come in at the beginning but may not be restored to former Priesthood except by, and through, the authority of his Bishop and/or the Local Apostle, at their discretion, usually after a minimum one year's probationary period. At the discretion of the Apostolate the fact of an excommunication-cum-disfellowshipment may be announced in a public newspaper upon advice of secular legal council if the situation warrants the same for the protection of NCAY's name. Announcements of disfellowsshipment and/or excommunication shall be made in NCAY's official newsletter, the New Covenant Messenger, in order to protect NCAY from former members attempting to enter another Assembly covertly without the proper repentance and restitution;

    The Messianic Evangelical New Covenant
    Witness & Other Publications

    9.18. The official printed and/or online magazines of the New Covenant Assemblies of Yahweh, the editors of which are the Patriarchate and their appointees, in consultation with the Apostolate as a whole, are:

      9.18.1. The Messianic Evangelical New Covenant Witness (NCW) which shall contain official statements made by the Patriarchate and Apostolate as a whole, articles explaining NCAY teachings, the personal testimonies of members, important sermons made by members of the Apostolic Council of Elders, etc.;

      9.18.2. The Messianic Evangelical New Covenant Messenger (NCM) which shall contain important announcements of General and Local Assembly events and news, statistics, appointments or releases of Priesthood officers in the Order of Elders, organisational changes, notices of Conferences, etc.;

      9.18.3. These two publications may be combined for economy as the Messianic Evangelical New Covenant Witness & Messenger (NCWM) and be divided into two separate sections; and

      9.18.4. Any other magazines that shall be authorised (or ordered closed down) by the Patriarchate or their appointee(s) from the other Apostles for use on a local level, whose editors shall be the local Pastorate or Bishopric and their appointees, and shall be called the Messianic Evangelical New Covenant Messenger or Messianic Evangelical New Covenant Witness, respectively, prefixed by the name of the Local or Central Assembly (e.g. the Tilburg Messianic Evangelical New Covenant Messenger or the Lusaka Messianic Evangelical New Covenant Witness, respectively), or combined as a single Local Messianic Evangelical New Covenant Witness & Messenger.

    9.19. The authority of publish any pamphlet or tract in any language is vested in the Patriarchate in consultation with the Apostolate who must append their imprimatur (seal) before any publication can be sent out in NCAY's name. Publication may be done either locally or on a General Assembly basis. A Local Apostle has the authority to publish tracts in the mission field where lines of communication with the Patriarchate are poor, slow, or non-existent for longer or shorter periods of time until such lines can be reopened.

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