1. THE ATONEMENT:
Yahweh's Provision for Man's Sin
When Yahweh-Elohim created man, it was His desire to have a family of men and women in His likeness and in His image with whom He could fellowship, share His chayim (life), and ahavah (love). Yahweh-Elohim spent the first five days of creation preparing a home for His sons and daughters. Yahweh-Elohim created all the stars of heaven, the sun and the moon to give light upon the earth for His children. All the beautiful flowers, trees, mountains, rivers and all the brilliant colours of the world were given and prepared for the enjoyment and pleasure of the men and women whom He would create to be His own. On the sixth day of creation, Yahweh-Elohim made man and woman in His image and gave them the breath of life. And Yahweh-Elohim saw all His creation and acknowledged that it was good. Yahweh-Elohim placed the first man and woman He had made in a beautiful garden prepared just for them. Among the trees in the garden were the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, and the Tree of Chayim (Life). Yahweh-Elohim gave them permission to eat from any tree in the garden, including the Tree of Chayim (Life). However, there was one tree from which Yahweh-Elohim commanded them not to eat; for if they ate from it they would die. Notice that Yahweh-Elohim, right at the beginning, set before His beloved ones a choice of whether to obey Him, love Him and live -- or to disobey Him, despise Him, and die. The Elohim (God) of Heaven and earth has never forced man to love Him -- or serve Him, but desired that he would love Him and choose Him with his free will and from his heart.
1.1. What did Adam and Eve (Havah) choose to do? (Gen.3:3-6)
We see that Adam and Eve chose not to love Yahweh-Elohim and obey Him, but they chose to rebel against Yahweh-Elohim and disobey Him.
1.2. What was the secret motive of their heart? (Gen.3:5; Isa.14:13-14)
This is the basic sin of all men. Each has tried to be his own god and exalt his will above Yahweh's will.
1.3. On what three things were Adam and Eve's sin based? (Gen.3:6; 1 John 2:16)
The lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes and the boastful pride of life are the root causes of all sin in this world.
1.4. What do we find Yahweh-Elohim doing in the garden, and what was the desire of His heart? (Gen.3:8-9)
The Elohim (God) of heaven and earth came to the garden to fellowship with His children whom He loved and to share His heart with them, finding only that they had broken His mitzvah (commandment) and had gone their own independent way. By turning away from Yahweh-Elohim in disobedience, man lost the blessing and protection of Yahweh-Elohim and came under a curse and the power of the devil. They were cast out of the garden losing their fellowship with the Father. Because of Adam and Eve's transgression, the knowledge of good and evil has come to all men; every unregenerate man has desires towards sin.
1.5. What does the Scripture teach about the spiritual condition of a man who willfully sins against Elohim (God)? (Rom.3:10-19,23)
1.6. If all have sinned willfully and are not seeking Elohim (God), then how can men come to Him? (Isa.19:20; Luke 19:10; John 6:44)
1.7. Therefore what is it that brings men and women to repentance? (Rom.2:4)
It is the underserved ahavah (love) and chesed (kindess) of Yahweh-Elohim that goes out and seeks rebellious men. It is the ahavah (love) of Yahweh-Elohim that strives with the heart of men convicting them of sin and drawing them to Himself. It is the ahavah (love) of Yahweh-Elohim that continues to push the stubborn and rebellious man into a corner until he gives up and surrenders his life of sin and death. Yet, Yahweh-Elohim has given every man a free will to choose Him and live or reject His provision and die.
1.8. Can we save ourselves by our own good works? (Eph.2:8-9; Titus 3:5)
1.9. Can we be saved by keeping the Old Covenant Torah / Law of Moses (Moshe)? (Gal.3:21; Rom.3:20)
1.10. What was Paul's (Sha'ul's) testimony about himself in regard to the Old Covenant Torah / Law of Moses and sin? (Phil.3:6; 1 Tim.1:15)
1.11. What was the purpose of the Old Covenant Torah / Law of Moses? (Rom.3:19-20)
Observance of the Old Covenant Torah / Law of Moses did not make a person righteous but rather convicted him of his sinfulness. Today we observe the New Covenant Torah or Law of Messiah (Christ). Through emunah (faith) in the Messiah we are made righteous before Yahweh (Rom.3:22) which in turn empowers us to live the mitzvot (commandments) (New Covenant Torah / Law of Messiah) (John 14:15).
1.12. Under the Old Covenant Torah / Law of Moses, how was a man cleansed from sin and brought into a right relationship with Yahweh? (Lev.17:11)
The blood sacrifice, as the atonement and covering for sin, was instituted by Yahweh from the beginning of time. Adam, Abel, Noah, Abraham (Avraham), Jacob (Ya'akov) and finally the nation of Israel all offered blood sacrifices for the atonement of sin. Yahweh required animal sacrifices, for their blood is pure, innocent and undefiled; it is free from the nature bent toward sin. Under the Old Covenant Torah / Law of Moses, the shedding of blood brought a temporary covering and atonement for man's sin. The sacrifices therefore had to be repeated over and over again. The atonement provided by animal blood was not eternal but temporal and was therefore of no use to man beyond the grave.
1.13. What did Yah'shua (Jesus) come to do? (Matt.1:20-23; 1 John 3:5)
1.14. What was said of Him? (John 1:29)
The blood line comes from the father. The Bible tells us that the life of the flesh is in the blood (Lev.17:11) and in the "heart" (spirit) (Prov.14:30). In Yah'shua (Jesus) there was no sin. He was not born through natural (temporal) conception but was created supernaturally in the womb of His mother, Mary (the Virgin Birth) (Matt.1:18-25). Yahweh was His Father through the action of the Ruach haQodesh (Holy Spirit). His spirit-nature was divine. Because of Mary (Miriyam) He lived in human flesh but because of the Ruach haQodesh (Holy Spirit) conception, the "blood" or life of Yahweh ran through Yah'shua's (Jesus') veins. It was that blood which was shed for the sins of the world.
1.15. Is the blood of Yah'shua (Jesus) a better sacrifice than the blood of animals? (Heb.9:13-14)
The atonement that Yah'shua (Jesus) made was greater than the atonement under the Old Covenant. His atonement was more than just an offering for the forgivenes of sins, because the forgiveness of sins was available through the blood of animals under the Old Covenant.
1.16. What did Yah'shua (Jesus) actually do for us on the cross? (1 Peter 2:24; Gal.3:13; Rom.6:6-7)
Consequently, we see that the atonement of Yah'shua (Jesus) not only provided forgiveness but brought complete deliverance from sin, sickness and the curse both in time and in eternity.
1.17. What is the "New Covenant" (B'rit Chadashah) that Yah'shua (Jesus) established and made available through His blood? (Heb.8:8-12; Ezek.36:26-27)
1.18. How can we become partakers of this New Covenant? (Acts 3:19; Rom.10:9-10; John 14:15)
1.19. Why did Yah'shua (Jesus) come? (John 3:16-17)
1.20. Who is under Yahweh's judgment? (John 3:18-19)
If men reject Yahweh's provision for them under the New Covenant through Yah'shua (Jesus) the Messiah (Christ), there is no way they can be saved; for there is no other atonement apart from the cross of Yah'shua the Messiah (Jesus Christ).
1.21. What is the final end of all unrepentant sinners? (Matt.25:41; Rev.20:12-15)
1.22. What is Yahweh's desire? (2 Peter 3:9)
WRITE AND MEMORISE THESE VERSES: Rom.5:9; Gal.1:4
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