Is it the Name of the Father?
Q. Moses, who wrote Genesis says the patriarchs did not know the name YHWH (Ex.6:2-4). Moses, who knew the name YHWH, wrote Genesis 2:4 where the Name YHWH is first mentioned. A name describes a person's nature and to fully know the revelation of any divine name like Shaddai or Elyon it is important to know that aspect. As Yah'shua is the Son of the Most High (ELYON) knowing that name is important. I don't worship the Greek hypsistos, only my Father El Elyon! Why, then, do you use 'YHWH' which belongs to the finished Old Covenant instead of El Elyon which belongs to the pre-Mosaic period and to the New Covenant?
A. The enquirer also sent the following quotation from an anonymous writer in support of his assertion:
If you look at the Hebrew of Exodus 6:2-4 you will see that it is written in the form of a rhetorical question. A better translation is found in the Hebraic Roots Version which accurately renders this passage:
"Read Rev 14:1 we find the 144000 together with the Lamb on mount
Sion!!! These are they that follow the Lamb of God whithersoever He
goeth (v 4) THEY HAVE HIS FATHER'S NAME WRITTEN ON THEIR FOREHEADS!!!
Many believe that YHWH, Yahweh or Yehovah is the Name of the Father.
But in Matt 11:27 we read that no man knows the Father, save the Son
and he whomsoever the Son will reveal Him!!! So we pray to the Son to
reveal His and our Father!!! In Luke 1:32 we read that JESUS shall be
called the Son of the HIGHEST!!! In v 35 we read that Gabriel said to
Mary (Mariam) The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee AND THE POWER OF THE
HIGHEST shall overshadow thee!!! The Highest is ELYON in hebrew and
Hypsistos in greek. We read first in Gen 14:18-24 about Melchizedek
blessing Abram (later Abraham) So he is greater than Abram.
Melchizedek is PRIEST OF THE MOST HIGH GOD, EL ELYON!!! The name YHWH
is connected to the priesthood of LEVI and AARON and the OLD
COVENANT!!! That priesthood is changed Hebr 7:12 Jesus Christ is our
High Priest of the Melchizedek priesthood! Hebr 5:1-6 Read the WHOLE
Hebr 7!!! In v22 we read Jesus is the surety of a better testament
(better translated COVENANT). So YHWH, Jahweh is the OLD COVENANT name
and ELYON, HIGHEST or MOST HIGH is the NEW COVENANT NAME OF THE FATHER
of our Lord Jesus Christ!!! In Daniel 7:17-28 WE READ THAT THE SAINTS
OF THE MOST HIGH, E L Y O N, SHALL TAKE THE KINGDOM AND POSSESS THE
KINGDOM FOR EVER AND EVER!!! (v18) JUDGMENT WAS GIVEN TO THE SAINTS
OF THE MOST HIGH, E L Y O N, (v 22) THE BEAST SPEAK GREAT WORDS
AGAINST ELYON AND WEAR OUT THE SAINTS OF ELYON (v 25) IN THE END THE
KINGDOM and DOMINION and the greatness of the KINGDOM UNDER THE WHOLE
HEAVEN shall be given to the people of the SAINTS OF ELYON, whose
kingdom is an EVERLASTING KINGDOM, and ALL DOMINIONS SHALL SERVE AND
OBEY HIM!!! Yahshua (Jesus) is the way, the truth and the life; NO
ONE COMES TO THE F A T H E R EXCEPT BY THE SON!!! DO YOU WANT TO KNOW
THE FATHER??? CAN YOU BE AMONG THE SAINTS OF THE MOST HIGH WITHOUT
KNOWING HIS NAME, E L Y O N, the Most High???????"
In Hebrew there is no required interrogative clause as we know it in English because questions often appear as statements made in a questioning manner. Thus other Messianic translations, not steeped in gentile theology and thought patterns, follow suit:
"And Elohim spoke unto Moshe, and said unto Him: 'I am YHWH; and I appeared unto Avraham, unto Yitzchak, and unto Ya'akov, in El Shaddai, and by My Name YHWH was I not known to them?" (Ex.6:2-4, HRV)
This is one of the reasons it is essential to get back to Hebraic roots in everything in order to preclude such misinterpretations. This makes better sense of all the Genesis passages and the need to force Moses to 'write in' his understanding in hindsight is nullified. A question of Occam's Razor - the simplest explanation is the neatest and usually the true one.
"...but by My Name YHWH was I not known to them?" (RSTNE)
"And by My Name, YHWH, was I not known to them?" (ISRV)
You'll also find El Elyon used in pagan semitic religious literature where it is often shortened as Ilu. In Canaanite mythology, Uranus and Ge (Heaven and Earth) were born from the union of their 'most high' Baal (el elyon) and his consort. So you see El Elyon is used as a title of Satan too, who considers himself to be at the top of the divinity hierarchy. This is similar to the use by Jews of 'Adon' and 'Adonai', a Greek loan word from the pagan deity Adonis, meaning 'lord' or 'master'.
So, no, our heavenly Father's Name is not El Elyon, which is a title used of many deities anciently, but Yahweh (YHWH) and has always been known as such since the beginning, revealing the fullness of His character. His other titles like El Elyon represent His hierarchical positioning at the very pinnacle of everything relative to all other powers in the universe which are derived and appointed from His own. His Name transcends all covenants, being eternal, for it is the only Name by which we are saved as is conclusively proved in both Tanakh (Old Testament) and Messianic Scriptures (New Testament). For example:
- 1. El Elyon (the Most High God) is a title, not a proper Name;
- 2. The Name Yahweh was around long before the Mosaic Priesthood and its Covenant;
- 3. Not knowing the Father does not equate with not knowing His Name;
- 4. El Elyon is all over the Tanakh (Old Testament) just as YHWH (Yahweh) is; and
- 5. The Greek translation of Hebrew/Aramaic source documents of the Messianic Scriptures (New Testament) never transliterates the Divine Name YHWH even when it is quoting from a Tanakh (Old Testament) passage but rather substitutes kurios ('Lord'). It does this because of a man-made rule laid down by the council that commissioned the Septuagint (LXX), a Greek translation of the Tanakh (Old Testament). This same man-made rule is followed by nearly all English translations where YHWH-Elohim is substituted for 'LORD God'. Modern Messianic editions are overturning this rule and re-inserting the Divine Name (YHWH) and Titles (like Elohim, El Elyon, etc.) as has one Catholic version (Jerusalem Bible) and one or two others.
This is a universally understood messianic scripture which you will recognise as being quoted by the apostles (e.g. Acts 2:17-21). Yahweh makes clear that it is His Name, Yahweh (YHWH), that men and women must call upon in order to be saved, not 'El Elyon' both in the Old Covenant as well as the New. How do we know this? Because Paul says so - it is this passage which he quotes in the context of Christian/Messianic salvation too:
"And it shall come to pass afterward that I will pour out My Ruach (Spirit) on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions. And also on My menservants and on My maidservants I will pour out My Ruach (Spirit) in those days. And I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth:
blood and fire and pillars of smoke. The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the coming of the great and awesome day of Yahweh. And it shall come to pass that whoever calls on the name of Yahweh shall be saved" (Joel 2:28-32, NKJV).
"Lord" here is unambiguously "YAHWEH" and all Messianic versions that restore the true Names of Deity confirm it. For example:
"For there is no difference between Jew and Gentile-the same Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call on him, for, 'Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved'" (Rom.10:12-13, NIV; also Acts 2:21)
You will find most non-Messianic English versions cross-referencing Romans 10:13 with Joel 2:32 and Acts 2:21 because there is no doubt that the quotations are from there. Why have Paul and Luke done this? To make sure that their readers clearly understand that Salvation is only through the Name Yahweh (or Yah'weh, Yahuweh, Yahuwah) and not through any other detestable name of the pagans. To know Elohim's nature and character therefore requires a knowledge of what YAHWEH means, not titles like El Elyon which simply depict an aspect of the Name.
"For everyone who calls upon the Name of YHWH shall be saved" (Rom.10:13, ISRV).
The false doctrine circulating in some circles that the Name 'Yahweh' is somehow 'inferior' and has gone the way of the Old Covenant where it was invented is a dangerous heresy and blasphemous, and the spirit behind the false claim that 'Elyon' is the only 'name' we are to know Elohim (God) by, is demonic. The Father is more than "the highest" - He is reality itself.
Finally, let's not forget that the Son, Yah'shua (Jesus), bears His Father's Name YAH in His own, because His Name means "Yahweh saves", confirming the prophetic words in Joel, Acts and Romans. El Elyon is not only clearly not in the Name Ya'shua but it cannot save, not because Yahweh is not El Elyon (the Most High El) but because alone 'El Elyon' means nothing - it is only in the context of the True Name that the titles have any meaning. Yahweh is El Elyon because Yahweh alone saves! Thus Yireh (Provider), Shalom (Peace), Rohi (Shepherd), Tsidkenu (Righteousness) and Sabaoth (Hosts, Armies) cannot save you any more than El Elyon (the Most High El) cannot, because these are but titles or aspects. And when they are used alone, as El Elyon frequently is in the Book of Revelation, it is fully understood to be in the context of Yahweh, just as Yireh (Provider), Shalom (Peace), Rohi (Shepherd), Tsidkenu (Righteousness) and Sabaoth (Hosts, Armies) are in the context of Yahweh as Yahweh-yireh, Yahweh-shalom, Yahweh-rohi, Yahweh-Tsidkenu and several other titles.
Thus the bold claim of the anonymous writer quoted at the beginning of this article, claiming as it does spiritual authority based in emet (truth), is seen to be rooted in complete ignorance as to the Divine Names. These kinds of errors are common amongst those who have only a superficial knowledge of Hebrew and who refuse to be Torah-obedient. Ironically, some of these antinomian translations do make a truthful statement in Exodus 6:3 even if it isn't what's actually written:
Indeed not, for the blasphemous word 'Jehovah', which means 'Jah is perverse', is a complete fabrication of the Jews. For more information see, Who is Jehovah? It isn't Our Heavenly Father's Name.
"...but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them" (Ex.6:3, KJV).
So, no, the Father's Name was never 'Jehovah' either. To discover more about Elohim's (God's) True Name and why it is vitally important, please read, The Name of the Creator: Why You Absolutely Need to Know It.
This page was created on 9 March 2013
Last updated on 9 March 2013
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