Did Adam and Eve Have
Sex in the Garden of Eden?
Modified from NCW 45
Q. Did Adam and Eve have sex in the Garden of Eden?
"Then Elohim said, 'Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.' So Elohim created man in His own image; in the image of Elohim He created him; male and female He created them. Then Elohim blessed them, and God said to them, 'Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth'" (Gen.1:26-28, NKJV).
The commandment to "be fruitful and multiply", which would have required the sexual act to fulfil, was given before the Fall to both Adam and Eve, and to other creatures of the Creation (Gen.1:22). The same commandment was repeated after the Flood by Elohim to the creatures on the ark (Gen.8:17), to Noah and his family (Gen.9:1,7), and to Jacob/Israel (Gen.35:11). The very clear implication was that those to whom this commandment was addressed - whether before or after the Fall - were to implement it and therefore engage in conjugal activity. The fact that Eve did not get pregnant until after the Fall therefore does not mean that they did not engage in sexual activity. To the contrary, in to have been obedient to the commandment, they would have done so.
It has been argued that because Adam and Eve were not aware of their nakedness before the Fall that they would have been unaware of their sexuality too. However, such a thesis presupposes that sexuality is a function of the fallen condition and could not be engaged in in a state of purity. We can dismiss this thesis on the basis of the fact that both creatures and the first humans were commanded to reproduce before the Fall and since there is no evidence to the contrary, we can legitimately assume that the Garden of Eden had a growing population in a state of purity and holiness.
Another argument offered is that Adam and Eve were originally one androgenous being, Adam, before Eve was taken out of Him, and that the first man was supposed to reproduce asexually. This is contradicted by Scripture which clearly states that Yahweh made mankind "male and female" before the Fall (Gen.1:27; 5:2). This same designation is used of creatures after the Fall (Gen.6:19; 7:3,9,16; etc.). The concept of an androgenous Adam is justified by such theorists on the basis of the assumption that Elohim was/is androgenous, an assumption contradicted by the fact that Yahweh, the Father, is always depicted as male and the Ruach haQodesh (Holy Spirit), our Heavenly Mother, is always gramatically female. Therefore the Godhead was also "male and female" in the beginning. Furthermore, Adam, before Eve was taken out of Him - and Elohim (God), before the Ruach was taken from His side - would have been male even though both Adam and Elohim 'contained' their female counterparts, the evidence of this being that the male sex chromosome pair consists of both male (Y) and (X) chromosomes showing that whilst the male may contain the female genes that maleness - because it is dominant - is always manifested in outward form, characteristics and behaviour. See: "The Deity of the Holy Spirit" for further elaboration. We can therefore dismiss the thesis that Adam - and Elohim - were/are androgenous, and that both the first couple - and, in a parallel spiriritual sense, the Godhead - were/are in some way sexual.
Since sexuality was a natural God-given blessing and function of all living things, including the first couple, there is no reason to suppose that Adam and Eve abstained from sexual activity before the Fall. It is a false Roman Catholic doctrine to argue that the cause of the Fall was in some way sexual, at least, not in the direct physical sense, which was because of disobedience to the commandment not to eat from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil and desiring to be gods as Satan had before them (Gen.2:9,17; 3:5,22). It is argued by some that the 'Tree of Knowledge' refers to 'carnal knowledge' since in Hebrew the act of intercourse is described euphemistically as 'knowing', from the Hebrew, yada. However, the sexual relationship is not the only form of 'knowing' in Scripture.
The concept of life-long virginity to Yahweh's people was unknown (there were rare exceptions tied up with a prophetic call, as of Jeremiah) until the Roman Catholics came along, under the influence of Augustine, who had once lived a debauched life and was ashamed of it, and pronounced it 'dirty' and a necessary burden to bear for the sole purpose of bringing forth children, but definitely not for pleasure. The New Covenant Church of God teaches that Adam and Eve had a sexual relationship in the Garden of Eden and that since this is a condition of eternity, so shall this relationship continue in the eternities for those who belong to Christ. It is a radical doctrine not liked much by a Christian world steeped in Greco-Roman ascetisism. However, we are here to announce a return to Christianity's true Hebrew roots and the true essence of God's revelation to man.
Since Hebrew men and women were expected to get married and have children, and since the enjoyment of sex was encouraged within the confines of marriage (Deut. 24:5; Prov. 5:18-19), the idea of lifelong virginity as a virtue was as foreign to the biblical Hebrews as it is to New Covenant Christians. This may be seen in the story of Jephthah's daughter. When the judge Jephthah, to keep an foolish vow, was forced execute his young virgin daughter, she was first given two months to "bewail (her) virginity," that is, to mourn the fact that she would have to die a childless woman (Judg. 11:30-40).
According to Hebrew legend, as we have seen, the first woman Yahweh created as a companion for the first man Adam was a strong-willed woman named Lilith. As both had been created from dust, Lilith rose up rebellion and considered herself equal to Adam in authority. (They differed anatomically, of course, with the Bible referring to a male as one who "pisseth against the wall" [1 Sam. 25:34; 1 Kings 14:10; 21:21].) Lilith, according to the tradition, objected to having to lie beneath Adam during sexual intercourse, but Adam, recognising what her instistance of the female superior position meant to his rebellious wife, would not allow her this symbolic position of dominance. Lilith, infuriated, left him, threatening to kill all his children, and wound up in rabbinic tradition as a baby-killing demoness who seduces sleeping men. Lilith is mentioned in Isa. 34:14, though the KJV renders lilith as "screech owl." This first wife of Adam may safely be called the world's first rebellious woman, the prototype of today's militant feminists.
With Lilith departed, Adam was back where he started, being without a fit helper. According to a Jewish tradition, God let Adam watch while He put a second woman together. The process of anatomical assemblage was so disgusting that Adam found the woman repulsive even though she was extremely beautiful when finished. Unable to clear his mind of the deeply engrained pictures of her creation, Adam was unable to unite with her, and thus Yahweh was obliged to send this first Eve away and tried again: while Adam slept (and presumably forgot), Yahweh created the Eve found in Genesis 2 from Adam's rib. Yahweh presented her to Adam, who said happily, "This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man" (Gen. 2:23).
That these legends (about Lilith and his second wife) are partly mythological is certain. However, as in most myths, there is an element of truth. New Covenant Christians believe that more occurred in the Garden of Eden than is mentioned in the scant account in Genesis and our revelations confirm the existence of a personage called Lilith, regarded by us as a consort of Satan. The revelations do not mention a third wife though there is a New Covenant tradition that she existed and fell, like Lucifer, because of pride and vanity on account of her great beauty.
What is important here to understand is that Yahweh has created a sexual universe and has prescribed laws for man to live by in respect of sexuality in His Torah. We therefroe find no reason to doubt that Adam and Eve enjoyed a full sexual relationship in the Garden of Eden and that this is a picture, so forcefully brought out in the Song of Solomon, of the intensity of the relationship that is supposed to obtain between the Messiah and His Church or the Messianic Community that that it is compared to the intensity of a marriage union. Because we believe that sex is a neutral force, it is our teaching the sex is either good or evil depending what you do with it - evil if you are lawless, but good, blessed and holy is used within Yahweh's marriage parameters. That Yahweh would not want to the first couple to enjoy sex before the Fall is therefore inconceivable to us.
This page was created on 20 December 2007
Last updated on 20 December 2007
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