FOUNDATIONAL STUDIES
OF THE BIBLE
The School of Israel

of the New Covenant Church of God

16. The Last Days, the Second Coming
and the Millennium

1. When Jesus was taken up into heaven, what promise did the angels give concerning Him? (Acts 1:9-11) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2. When the Lord descends from heaven with a shout, what will happen? (1 Thessalonians 4:16-17)


a. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________________________________________________

3. Job bears eloquent testimony of the Second Coming of Christ in the end time and of his own resurrection. What two titles does He give Christ? And what evidence does he give that the resurrection is physical? (Job 19:25-27)


a. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
c. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4. What kind of dominion will Christ receive when He returns? (Daniel 7:13-14) __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5. When Jesus returns, where will He land on the earth? (Zechariah 14:4) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

6. What will be the response of the unsaved inhabitants of Jerusalem when they see Christ? (Zechariah 12:10-14) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7. Why do you think they will respond in this way? (Zechariah 13:6) _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

8. What will happen to all the false prophets at this time? (Zechariah 13:3-5) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

9. When Jesus returns to Jerusalem, what will the political and military situation be? (Zechariah 12:1-3ff) _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

10. What will Jesus do to those in Jerusalem who accept Him as Messiah? (Zechariah 13:1) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

11. What will happen to all the false religions in the Holy Land? (Zechariah 12:2a) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

12. What proportion of the population of Israel will be struck down dead upon the Lord's return? (Zechariah 13:8) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

13. What will happen to the survivors? (Zechariah 13:9) _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

These prophecies, like a great many in the Old Testament, are two-sided. They not only concern the physical House of Israel and those who live in the Holy Land but also the New Israel, or the Church. In the light of these passages in Zechariah, what do you imagine is going to happen amongst the Christian Churches when Christ returns? _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

14. Will the judgment Christ brings with Him at His Second Coming be easy for mankind? (Malachi 3:2) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

15. Who is Christ going to particularly refine? (Malachi 3:3) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The Levites were descended from Aaron were the Priesthood under the Old Covenant and had the responsibility of administering the sacrifices in the Temple. They belonged to what was called the Levitical or Aaronic Priesthood.

16. Who are the members of the Priesthood in the New Covenant? (1 Peter 2:9) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

17. What is the name of the Priesthood of the New Covenant (Hebrews 7:11-12) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

18. Who is the Head or High Priest of this Priesthood? (Hebrews 5-7) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

19. Whom will the Lord judge when He returns? (Malachi 3:5)


a. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
c. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
d. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
e. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
f. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
g. _____________________________________________________________________________________________

19. What must first happen before Christ returns? (2 Thessalonians 2:1-4) _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

20. What is another name for this lawless person? (1 John 2:18) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

21. Will there be many such persons throughout history? (1 John 2:22; 4:3; 2 John 1:7) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

22. When Jesus returns to the earth, who will come with Him? (Jude 1:14-15) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

23. To whom will Jesus be visible when He returns? (Revelation 1:7) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

In view of the fact that "those who pierced Him" will see Him also, do you think this passage refers to just those who are alive on the earth when He returns, or to everyone who has ever lived? _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The apostle Peter says: "...the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire; and the earth and everything in it will be laid bare. Since everything will be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be? You ought to live holy and godly lives as you look forward to the day of God and speed its coming. That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt in the heat. But in keeping with His promise we are looking forward to a new heaven and a new earth, the home of righteousness. So then, dear friends, since you are looking forward to this, make every effort to be found spotless, blameless and at peace with Him" (2 Peter 3:10-14, NIV).

This passage has led to the belief by some Christians that the Millennium will not be on the earth but in heaven. They rationalise that since the earth will be burned up so also will any human beings. But this is not what the passage says. Both heaven and earth are to become the "home of the righteous"; moreover, Peter is quite clear in saying that those who are "spotless, blameless and at peace with " will not be burned up, since they are actually looking forward to this conflagration.

This interpretation is corroborated by the prophet Isaiah, whom Peter is quoting: "Behold, I will create new heavens and a new earth. The former things will not be remembered, nor will they come to mind. But be glad and rejoice forever in what I will create, for I will create Jerusalem to be a delight and its people a joy. I will rejoice over Jerusalem and delight in My people..." (Isaiah 65:17-19a).

This cleansing will occur on all levels of creation -- from the mind (eradicating all unpleasant memories) to the very physical elements. That some kind of supernatural protection is to be given to the righteous, as well as to animals and plants, may reasonably be supposed. This cleansing could occur instantaneously so as to be imperceptible to those who survive or it could possible occur slowly throughout the Millennium, culminating in the total disappearance of the earth and of heaven (Rev.21:1).

24. For those who are alive and remain until the second coming of the Lord, what type of change will take place in them when He appears? (1 Corinthians 15:51-53,41-44) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

N.B. There is a difference between a "spirit" body and a "spiritual" body (1 Cor.15:44). The "spirit" body is the spiritual counterpart of the physical body which by nature is carnal and "fleshy" and wars against the spirit body. The "spiritual" body here refers to the resurrected body of flesh and spirit, the whole being "spiritual". The resurrection not only makes the spirit and physical body immortal by combining them into one single entity (no longer two parts) but the resultant combination is made holy or "spiritual". A resurrected body is not, therefore, carnal or "fleshy".

25. What four promises does the Lord give those who survive to live in the Millennium? (Isaiah 65:20)


a. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
c. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
d. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

26. What will be the condition of the animal world? (Isaiah 65:25) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

27. Why does the earth have peace for a thousand years (Millennium) (Revelation 20:1-2) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

28. What will happen at the end of the thousand years? (Revelation 20:3,7) _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

29. Which city will Satan attack, and where will he obtain his armies from? (Revelation 20:7-9)


a. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________________________________________________

30. What is the final fate of Satan? (Revelation 20:10) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

31. Will all the dead by resurrected when the Millennium begins? (Revelation 20:4-5) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

32. What is the resurrection of the righteous called? (Revelation 20:5) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

33. What happens to those who are not resurrected during the Millennium? (Revelation 20:5) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

34. What are the righteous ordained to be, and what will they do with Christ? (Revelation 20:6)


a. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________________________________________________

At the end of the Millennium the first earth and the first heaven completely disappear, and a new heaven and a new earth appear (Rev.21:1). Onto this new planet or world the Holy City, or New Jerusalem, descends from heaven (v.2).

35. Who will come and dwell with men on this new planet? (Revelation 21:3) _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

36. What will happen to the sea in this new world? (Revelation 21:1) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

37. Which previous period of earth's history will this time resemble? (Genesis 10:25) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The continents divided in the days of Peleg and where they divided the great oceans were formed. The reverse will occur at the end of the Millennium. This post-millennial earth is sometimes called the Celestial Earth.

38. What is it that makes the resurrection possible? (1 Corinthians 15:54-55) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

39. The Millennium cannot begin until what conditions are met? (1 Corinthians 15:24-25) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

40. What is the last enemy to be destroyed? (1 Corinthians 15:26) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Jesus Christ has already won the victory over Satan and his host of enemies. They are already under His feet. He must reign in Heaven until His Body, the Church, has overcome in all things through the power of the Spirit, just as He Himself did.

41. We have learned that the saints will receive a resurrection body when Jesus appears. What other changes will take place within us meanwhile? (2 Corinthians 3:18) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The Greek word for "transformed" is metamorpho˘ or "metamorphosis", which means "to gradually change".

42. Will this transformation take place in a split second, like the physical resurrection? If not, how will it take place? (2 Corinthians 3:18) _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Sanctification, or the process of being made holy so that we become like Jesus Christ, will continue to take place during the Millennium. It will not be instantaneous. Without the opposition of Satan, great opportunities will be given the saints, especially those who were cut off in their mortal life by untimely death.

43. Will there be more opposition at the end of the Millennium? (Revelation 20:7ff) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Why do you think that another period of opposition and testing is required in addition to the pre-millennial period of opposition and testing? Why could Satan not have been cast into the Lake of Fire at the beginning of the Millennium? Do you think that the saints will be further separated into different categories? See 1 Corinthians 15:40-41. If there are many degrees of glory, what are they, and who goes to them? _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The final consummation of the transformation will take place at the return of the Lord when death is swallowed up in victory. By that time mankind will have been divided into numerous different categories of resurrection. Paul puts its this way: "There are heavenly bodies {sun, moon and stars} and there are earthly bodies {of men, animals and plants}, and the beauty and glory of the heavenly bodies is of one kind, while the beauty and glory of earthly bodies is a different kind. The sun is glorious in one way, and the moon is glorious in another way, and the stars are glorious in their own (distinctive) way; for one stars differs from and surpasses another in its beauty and beauty and brilliance. So it is with the resurrection of the dead" (1 Corinthians 15:40-42a, Amplified New Testament). Each person will shine with a light that reflects his or her righteousness.

44. Jesus was a lamb without spot or wrinkle. What kind of Church does He intend us to be? (Ephesians 5:25-27)


a. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
c. _____________________________________________________________________________________________

45. How will this change be accomplished in the Church? (Ephesians 5:26) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

46. To what are we predestined? (Romans 8:29) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

47. What does it mean to be conformed to the image of Jesus? (Ephesians 4:24) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

48. What is said about the Bride of Christ in Revelation? (Revelation 19:7) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

49. What is the fine linen with which she is clothed? (Revelation 19:8) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Notice that before the wedding, preparation was made on the part of the bride. Likewise, as we submit ourselves to the Spirit of the Lord and the washing of the water of the Word, we too will be transformed and changed that we might be ready for His appearing.

50. What does everyone who has the "hope" of being transformed into the image of the Lord do before He returns? (1 John 3:2-3) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

51. How are we to live in this present age? (Titus 2:12)


a. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________________________________________________

52. In accordance with Jesus' High Priestly Prayer, what must be seen in the Church by the world as a witness and testimony of Jesus? (John 17:18,21-23)


a. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
c. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
d. _____________________________________________________________________________________________

Jesus went out before the world as a lamb without spot or wrinkle, anointed with the Holy Spirit and power, healing the sick and destroying the works of the devil. Jesus manifested the nature of God before the world. Before the end comes, Jesus will return, not for a weak, defeated and sickly Church, hiding out in the wilderness, but rather a victorious Bride, anointed with the Holy Spirit and power. The Church having been washed in the water of the Word will be glorious and holy within and without. She will be going forth in the power of the Holy Spirit, healing the sick, raising the dead, casting our demons, setting the captives free. She will be a conquering Church. She will be mighty and powerful in the earth, even if she is only small, as she endeavours to go forth and disciple the nations, reaching them the ways of the Lord.

53. Jesus was perfectly led by the Spirit of God. What are some of the things that characterised His life? (John 5:19-20,30; 12:49-50,45; 18:38)


a. (5:19) _______________________________________________________________________________
b. (5:20) _______________________________________________________________________________
c. (5:30) _______________________________________________________________________________
d. (5:30) _______________________________________________________________________________
e. (12:49-50) ____________________________________________________________________________
f. (12:45) _______________________________________________________________________________
g. (18:38) _______________________________________________________________________________

54. A picture of the redeemed is given in Revelation. Describe them (Revelation 14:4)


a. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
b. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
c. _____________________________________________________________________________________________
d. _____________________________________________________________________________________________

"Not being defiled with women" means that they are not involved with the harlot system of this world. They are virgins betrothed only to Jesus. They have no other gods before them. They follow the Lamb wherever He goes!

55. What attitude does Jesus exhort us to have concerning His coming? (Luke 12:35-40) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

56. Jesus gives a parable about four types of servant and their rewards, at the master's return. Describe them, and their rewards (Luke 12:42-48).


Faithful servant: ___________________________________________________________________
Reward: __________________________________________________________________
Drunken servant: __________________________________________________________________
Reward: __________________________________________________________________
Lazy servant: ___________________________________________________________________
Reward: ___________________________________________________________________
Ignorant servant: ___________________________________________________________________
Reward: ___________________________________________________________________

57. Jesus told another parable of 10 virgins. Five were wise and five were foolish. Who went in to the marriage feast? (Matthew 25:1-13) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

58. How will the day of the Lord come to the unrighteous? (1 Thessalonians 5:2-3) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

59. How will the day of the Lord come to the righteous? (1 Thessalonians 5:4-8) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

60. What promise do we have from the Lord? (Amos 3:7) _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

As we continue to follow the Lord by being transformed into His image and by awaiting eagerly for the blessed hope of the glorious appearing of our Saviour, God will reveal His counsel in our midst and we will know of the things that are coming upon the earth before they happen. It is only those who are in darkness and who are ignorant of God's Word who will be overtaken suddenly. But, those who are going on to know Him will receive instruction and counsel and will be rejoicing in great anticipation of the things that are to come. They will be ready and will be put in charge of all that the Master has.

The New Covenant Church of God is making every effort to prepare a people for the return of the Master and to counsel other churches to do the same. Your responsibility is to pass on this message both to your family and to those you know.

Write and memorise the following scripture: 1 John 3:2-3

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This page was created on 11 October 1997
Updated on 23 February 1998

Copyright © 1997 The New Covenant Church of God